Chittor Fort Chittorgarh

Chittor Fort Chittorgarh

Chittor Fort Chittorgarh

The Chittor Fort Chittorgarh Is One Of The Largest Forts In India. Also It Is A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Fort Was The Capital Of Mewar And Is Located In The Present-Day Town Of Chittorgarh. It Sprawls Over A Hill 180 M (590.6 Ft) In Height Spread Over An Area Of 280 Ha. And Above The Plains Of The Valley Drained By The Berach River. Beginning In The 7th Century, The Fort Was Controlled By The Mewar Kingdom. From The 9th To 13th Centuries, The Fort Was Ruled By Paramara Dynasty. Also In 1303, The Turkic Ruler Of Delhi, Alauddin Khalji Defeated Rana Ratan Singh’s Forces At The Fort. In 1535 Bahadur Shah, The Sultan Of Gujarat, Defeated Bikramjeet Singh And Took The Fort.
Chittor Fort Chittorgarh
Chittor Fort Chittorgarh

Chittor Fort Chittorgarh¬†In 1567 Akbar Defeated Maharana Udai Singh II’s Troops. The Fort’s Defenders Sallied Forth To Charge The Attacking Enemy But Yet Were Not Able To Succeed. Following These Defeats, The Women Are Said To Have Committed Jauhar Or Mass Self-Immolation. The Rulers, Soldiers, Noblewomen And Commoners Considered Death Preferable To The Mass Rape And Pillaging That Was Thought To Occur Following To Surrender To The Sultanate Forces. In 2013, At The 37th Session Of The World Heritage Committee Held In Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Chittorgarh Fort, Along With Five Other Forts Of Rajasthan, Was Declared A UNESCO World Heritage Site, As A Group Called The Hill Forts Of Rajasthan. Chittorgarh Was Originally Called Chitrakut. It Is Said To Have Been Built By The Local Maurya Ruler Chitrangada Maurya.

Chittor Fort Chittorgarh
Chittor Fort Chittorgarh

According To One Legend, The Name Of The Fort Is Derived From Its Builder. Another Folk Legend Attributes The Construction Of Fort To The Legendary Hero Bhima: It States That Bhima Struck The Ground Here, Which Resulted In Water Springing Up To Form A Large Reservoir. The Water Body Allegedly Formed By Bhima Is An Artificial Tank Called Bhimlat Kund. Several Small Buddhist Stupas Dated To 9th Century Based On The Script Were Found At The Edge Of Jaimal Patta Lake. The Guhila Ruler Bappa Rawal Is Said To Have Captured The Fort In Either 728 CE Or 734 CE. One Account States That He Received The Fort In Dowry.

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