Ajmer (अजमेर; pronounced [ədʒmeːr] (About this sound listen)) is one in every of the most important cities within the Indian state of Rajasthan and also the centre of the eponymic Ajmer District. consistent with the 2011 census, Ajmer had a population of 542,321 within the town, 551,101 together with its suburbs.The city was established as “Ajayameru” by a Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) ruler, either Ajayaraja I or Ajayaraja II, and served because the Chahamana capital till the twelfth century Ce. Ajmer is encircled by the Aravalli Mountains. it’s the bottom for visiting Pushkar (11 km), associate degree ancient Hindu journeying town, illustrious for the temple of Lord Brahma, and additionally a journeying centre for the shrine of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. Ajmer has been designated jointly of the heritage cities for the HRIDAY – Heritage town Development and Augmentation Yojana theme of presidency of Republic of India. Ajmer was originally called Ajayameru.
The twelfth century text Prithviraja Vijaya states that the Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) king Ajayaraja II (ruled c. 1110 – 1135 CE) established the town of Ajayameru. historiographer Dasharatha Sharma notes that the earliest mention of the city’s name happens in Palha’s Pattavali, that was derived in 1113 Ce (1170 VS) at Dhara. this means that Ajmer was based someday before 1113 Ce. A prashasti (eulogistic inscription), issued by Vigraharaja IV and located at Adhai Din Hindu deity Jhonpra, states Ajayadeva (that is, Ajayaraja II) affected his residence to Ajmer. The later text Prabandha-Kosha states that it had been the eighth century king Ajayaraja I UN agency commissioned the Ajayameru fort, that later came to be called the Taragarh fort of Ajmer. consistent with historiographer R. B. Singh, this claim seems to be true, as inscriptions dated to the eighth century Ce are found at Ajmer. Singh theorizes that Ajayaraja II later distended the city space, made palaces, and affected the Chahamana capital from Shakambhari to Ajmer. Mughal aristocrat Dara Shikoh was born here in 1615. Jahanara Mohammedan powerful mughal aristocrat additionally born here.
Pushkar (Hindi: पुष्कर) may be a city within the Ajmer district within the Indian state of Rajasthan. it’s settled regarding ten kilometer (6.2 mi) northwest of Ajmer and regarding a hundred and fifty kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Jaipur. it’s a pilgrim’s journey website for Hindus and Sikhs. Pushkar has several temples. Most of the temples and ghats in Pushkar area unit from the eighteenth century and later, as a result of several temples were destroyed throughout Muslim conquests within the space. afterwards, the destroyed temples were restored. the foremost illustrious among Pushkar temples is that the red spired Brahma Temple designed throughout the ordinal century metallic element.
It’s thought-about a sacred town by the Hindus significantly in Shaktism, and meat and eggs consumption area unit impermissible within the town. Pushkar is found on the shore of Pushkar Lake, that has several ghats wherever pilgrims bathe. Pushkar is additionally important for its Gurdwaras for religious leader and Guru Gobind Singh. one in all the washing stepss is named Gobind ghat designed by the Marathas within the memory of Guru Gobind Singh. Pushkar is known for its annual honest (Pushkar artiodactyl mammal Fair) that includes a commercialism fete of bovine, horses and camels. it’s command over seven days in time of year marking Kartika Purnima in line with the Hindu calendar (Kartik (month), Gregorian calendar month or November). It attracts nearly two hundred,000 people. In 1998, Pushkar hosted regarding one million domestic (95%) and international tourists over the year.